MINISTRY OF INFRASTRUCTURE OF UKRAINE

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Moles and harbours

MILITARY MOLE

Military Mole is one of the first three main moles of the port together with the Quarantine Mole and Platonovsky Mole. Its construction began simultaneously with the construction of the port – on 22 August 1794. At the foundation of it laid Small zhete (French – ‘small mole’) designed by De-Volant. In 1795 the foundation with the length of 238 m and depth of 5.8 m was built. The created harbor was a reliable shelter for the fleet of De Ribas. Below the harbor three shipyards for the military ships were constructed.

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NEW MOLE

New Mole was constructed in the port of Odesa made of mass concrete by the project of Gartley in the form of rectangle with the length of 324 m, of width – 86 m, depth – on the right – 7.3 m, on the left – 6.4 m. Initially, general cargoes (in barrels, boxes, bags), lumber were handled. Later, they started handling coal delivered from England, Poland, and Donetsk – 400-600 thousand t per year.

 

In order to handle coal on the mole 2 steam portal cranes with the capacity of 1.5 t. Only in 1890 4 more portal cranes with the capacity of 1.5 – 3 t were established. The construction of the warehouses for coal was built.

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PLATONOVSKIY MOLE

Platonovsky mole is one of the first main moles of the port of Odesa. It was named after Platon Zubov, a favorite of Catherine II. The construction of the mole started in August 1794. The length of the berth was 176 m, the width – 13 m. it was renamed into Platon pier in 1803 by Alexander I.

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Quarantine mole

Quarantine Mole is one of three main moles, defends port from east and south-east waves. Its construction was started simultaneously with the construction of the port in August 1794 which marked the beginning of Quarantine harbor. The construction of the foundation had to be completed by 1797; however only 39 % was built as after the death of Catherine II Paul I stopped works as unnecessary.

The construction of the port of Odesa resumed by the Edict of Paul I in the mid-1800s and was organized by engineer De-Volant. In 1850 the outer length of the mole was 803 m, width at the base – 256 m and 149 m from the coast – 54 m.
Initially, on the berths of Quarantine mole vessels were loaded manually with grain in sacks delivered from the city warehouses by carts.

When in 1871 the railway port overpass designed by the engineer Garris was constructed and connected with the mole, grain started being loaded into the vessel directly from cars.

After the Civil and Great Patriotic Wars the mole was reconstructed and export of grain, the strategic cargo, that gave foreign currency to the country, revived. During the management of N. A. Kremlyanskiy the newest equipment was used for handling, the capacity of two new conveyers was 50 t/ hour and 200 t/ hour.

In 1981-96 Quarantine mole was reconstructed: area of 30.5 ha with outer berth line is 1226 m including 15 ha of container area. There are berths No. 1 - 6, operated by “HPC-Ukraina”, “Olympex-Coupe”, “Prista Oil’. Besides, the investment project Telecommunication Technologies Ltd was implemented on the territory. The Development project of the Port of Odesa provides the expansion the territory of Quarantine Mole up to 19.3 ha for the development of the capacity of container terminal. The implementation of the project started on 10 April, 2010.

O. N. Sevostyanova

 

Raidovy Mole

Raidoviy mole of the port of Odesa is a continuation of the Quarantine Mole, having curved shape, defends the water area from waves from the south, south-east and partly north-east. It was designed by K. Gartley and built in 1877 – 79 of concrete arrays with weight up to 100 t in horizontal rows 646 m long. In the head of the mole in 1888 Vorontsov Lighthouse was established. The mole was seriously damaged by fascists in April 1944 and was restored in December 1945. In 1955 a new Vorontsov Lighthouse was constructed. Cargo operations are not carried out on Raid pier.


O. N. Sevostyanova