MINISTRY OF INFRASTRUCTURE OF UKRAINE

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Personalities

Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron

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Count Alexander Langeron (1763 - 1831) was born in aristocratic French family. He is a veteran of the war with Sweden, three wars with Turkey, the battle of Austerlitz, the war in 1812. He was the Military Governor of Kherson and Odesa Mayor.

 

In Odesa Count Lanzheron has realized a number of important initiatives, conceived by his predecessor, Duke of Richelieu. Under his management appeared the first local newspaper, was opened mineral water source in the City Park, established botanical garden. However, the most important innovation of Lanzheron was creation of a Free Port.

 

Free port mode was established by the Imperial Decree on April 16, 1817 in Odesa as a stowage place for European goods exported to Sinop.

 

Free trade zone instantly made the city one of the world trade centers. Odessa was the only choice for the importation and exportation of goods from the south. During the first five years of a free port the city of Odessa, which was even less than 30 years old, took the 3rd position in cargo turnover in the vast empire, and later took the second place a little behind St. Petersburg.