MINISTRY OF INFRASTRUCTURE OF UKRAINE

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K. Hartley

Чертежи Гартли

K. Hartley - British engineer, author of the project for modernization of port in the second half of XIX century.

 

In the early 1860s it became clear that the port of Odesa does not meet the increased requirements of international navigation and trade by its technical characteristics. Depth in both harbors did not allow accepting large ships, there was no reliable protection against wind and storm, small length of the mooring lines did not meet the requirements of growing number of ship calls.

 

In this regard, the Ministry of Transport of Russia announced an international tender for the development of the project of port reconstruction. To be more precisely, it was about creating a new, modern port in Odesa. By the results of the competition the project of British engineer K.Hartley was recognized the best.

 

The main ideas of the project are:

 

- Consolidation of two separate harbors into a single port system of structures (creating the so-called Big Port);

 

- Solving the problem of protection the port from wind and storms, for which purpose the Quarantine Mole was extended by 474 sazhens and was built a breakwater with the length of 300 sazhens

 

- Using the new opportunities created by these protective structures to solve the problems of depth and significant expansion of mooring lines. For this purpose, build new berth between the Platonovsky and the Military Moles;

 

- All internal Moles are need to be upgraded, having regard  the location of berths on both their sides;

 

For 5 years (1866 - 1880) the project has generally been realized. During this period was performed large volume of port construction works that led to creation of a first-class port of that time.

 

Thus, we can say that the project of K.Hartley defined the "face" of the port for hundred years ahead.

 

 

A.STETSYUCHENKO.